Afghanistan, like the state of Kansas in the United States, was at one time a beacon of the Progressive Left; deliberately modern and a regional leader in the art of resistance and the practice of a informed democracy. Afghanistan under an internal, home grown Communism, independent from the Soviet Union, was comparatively egalitarian, prosperous, and educated.
The contemporary collapse of states like Kansas and Afghanistan may well represent the failure of Leftist Progressivism when threatened with organized and demagogic, corporate push-back making use of religious fundamentalism. In the case of Afghanistan, we can blame, in part, the Reagan administration for supporting the Taliban — explicitly supporting Osama bin Laden! — against the Soviets and helping to roll the gravestone on Afghan secular society. Whom will Kansas blame for their own collapse? TV preachers?